Kaziranga National Park is a national park in
the Golaghat and Nagaon districts of the state of Assam, India. A World
Heritage Site, the park hosts two-thirds of the world's Great One-horned
Rhinoceroses. Kaziranga boasts the highest density of tigers among protected
areas in the world and was declared a Tiger Reserve in 2006. The park is home
to large breeding populations of elephants, wild water buffalo, and swamp deer.
Kaziranga is recognized as an Important Bird Area by Birdlife International for
conservation of avifaunal species. Compared to other protected areas in India,
Kaziranga has achieved notable success in wildlife conservation. Located on the
edge of the Eastern Himalaya biodiversity hotspot, the park combines high
species diversity and visibility. Kaziranga is a vast expanse of tall elephant
grass, marshland, and dense tropical moist broadleaf forests, crisscrossed by
four major rivers, including the Brahmaputra, and the park includes numerous
small bodies of water. Kaziranga has been the theme of several books, songs,
and documentaries. The park celebrated its centennial in 2005 after its
establishment in 1905 as a reserve forest.